Curriculum

CURRICULUM FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL AND BIORESOURCES ENGINEERING                

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY,                                                                           

MICHAEL OKPARA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE, UMUDIKE,                                                                                                      

ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

The curriculum presented here in is in line with the special training needs and the minimum academic standard of the programme as required by NUC Bench Mark.

                                                FIRST YEAR:       FIRST SEMESTER

                COURSE CODE                COURSE TITLE                                         CREDIT LOAD

Major Courses

ENG 111                               Introduction to Engineering                                                   1

Auxiliary Courses

MTH 111                              General Mathematics I                                                            3

PHY 111                                General Physics I                                                                  2           

PHY 112                                Elementary Physics I                                                            2

PHY 117                                General Physics Lab 1                                                         1

CHM 113                              General Chemistry 1                                                              3

CHM 114                              Practical Chemistry 1                                                             1  

General Studies Courses                                                                          

GSS 111                                Use of English 1                                                                     1

GSS 112                                Nigerian History                                                                      2

GSS 114                                Elementary French 1                                                             1

GSS 115                                Basic German 1                                                                     1

GSS 116                                Use of Library                                                                         1

UGC 111                               Farm Practice                                                                          1

Total                                                                                                                                      20

 

                                SECOND SEMESTER

COURSE CODE            COURSE TITLE                                           CREDIT LOAD

Major Courses

ENG 121                               Computer Applications and                                                         2

Information Technology                                              

Auxiliary Courses

MTH 122                              Elementary Mathematics II                                                            3

MTH 123                              Introduction to Vectors                                                                   2

PHY 121                                General Physics II                                                                        2

PHY 122                                Elementary Physics II                                                                  2

PHY 127                                Physics Lab II                                                                              1

CHM 121                              General Chemistry II                                                                     3

CHM 124                              Practical Chemistry II                                                                   1

General Studies Courses                                                                          

GSS 121                                Use of English II                                                                          2

GSS 124                                Elementary French II                                                                   1

GSS 125                                Basic German II                                                                           1

GSS 126                                Social Science                                                                             2

Total                                                                                                                                          22                          

  

SECOND YEAR

FIRST SEMESTER

COURSE CODE                            COURSE TITLE                                                    CREDIT LOAD

Major Courses

ENG 211                               Engineering Thermodynamics I                                                3

ENG 212                               Workshop Technology/Practice                                                2

ENG 213                               Basic Electrical Engineering                                                     3

ENG 214                               Engineering Drawing I                                                               2             

ENG 215                               Engineering Mechanics                                                             3

Auxiliary Courses

MTH 211                              Mathematical Methods I                                                              3

MTH 214                              Linear Algebra I                                                                           2

General Studies Courses                                                                         

GSS 212                                Peace and Conflict Resolution Studies                                    2

GSS 217                                Philosophy and Logic                                                                2

Total                                                                                                                                        22

 

                               

SECOND SEMESTER

COURSE CODE                        COURSE TITLE                                                         CREDIT LOAD

Major Courses

ENG 221                               Strength of Materials I                                                                   2             

ENG 222                               Engineering Drawing II                                                                  2

ENG 223                               Computer Programming                                                               3

ENG 224                               Materials Science                                                                          2

ENG 225                               Fluid Mechanics I                                                                           2

ENG 226                               Engineer in Society                                                                        1

ENG 200                               Student Work Experience Programme (SWEP I)                         1

ABE 221                                Agric and Bio-Resource Engineering Concept                              2

Auxiliary Courses

MTH 221                              Mathematical Methods II                                                                   3

STA 224                                Statistics for Physical Science & Engineering                                3

General Studies Courses         

                GNT 221                               Entrepreneurial Studies                                                    2

 

Total                                                                                                                                               23

 

                                    THIRD YEAR                      FIRST SEMESTER

COURSE CODE   COURSE TITLE                                                                                 CREDIT LOAD

Major Courses

ENG 313                               Engineering Analysis                                                                           3             

ENG 311                               Engineering Economics                                                                       2            

ABE 312                                Soil Mechanics II                                                                                  2

ABE 311                                Engineering Hydraulics I                                                                      2            

ABE 315                                Automotive Services and Maintenance                                               2            

EME 311                               Mechanic of Machines I                                                                        2

EME 315                               Strength of Materials II                                                                          3

Auxiliary Courses

  SSA 311                              Introduction to Soil Science and Soil Tillage                                         2

AEX 311                                Introduction to Agricultural Extension & Rural Sociology                      2                                                     

CCS 311                                Agricultural Biotechnology                                                                    1

General Studies Courses         

GNT 311                   Business Development and Management                                                         2

                                Total                                                                                                                    23

*ABE 314     Introduction to Agro- Resources Engineering and Drawing                                 

  *Service Course to B. Agric. (2 C. U.)

                                 SECOND SEMESTER

COURSE CODE      COURSE TITLE                                                                                     CREDIT LOAD

Major Courses

ENG 326                               Technical Report Writing and Presentation                                                1

ENG 300                  Student Work Experience Program. SWEP II                                                         1

ABE 321                   Machine Component Design and Presentation                                                       2

ABE 323                                Engineering Hydrology                                                                                3

ABE 322                                Agricultural Land Surveying                                                                        3

ABE 324                          Geology for Agricultural Engineering                                                                3

EME 324                               Engineering Metallurgy                                                                                2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

EME 321                                Engineering Thermodynamics   II                                                              3            

Auxiliary Courses

CPP 322                                Crop Production for Engineers                                                                  3

CAS 321                           Animal Productions for Engineers                                                                  3

                                                            Total                                                                                            24  

                               

FOURTH YEAR       FIRST SEMESTER

COURSE CODE   COURSE TITLE                                                                                                   UNITS

Major Courses

ENG 418                               Computational Methods in Engineering                                                        3

ABE 412                                Agro-Resources Structures and Environmental Control                             3

ABE 413                                Directed Studies and Seminar                                                                     1            

ABE 414                                Engineering Hydraulics II                                                                              3            

ABE 415                                Engineering Properties and Handling of Biomaterials                                  3

ABE 416                                Irrigation and Drainage Principles                                                                 3

ABE 417                                Field Operations and Management of Farm Power & Machinery                                                                                               

ABE 418                                Soil And Water Conservation Engineering                                                    3

Auxiliary Course

GNT 411                               Practicum                                                                                                        2

                                Total                                                                                                                             24  

*ABE 411                             Farm Tractor Operation and Maintenance                                                       2

*Service Course to B. Agric.         Programme       

FOURTH YEAR   SECOND SEMESTER

COURSE CODE   COURSE TITLE                                                                                                         UNITS

ENG 400                               Students Industrial Work Experience Scheme                                                15

 

 

FIFTH YEAR  FIRST SEMESTER

CORE COURSES

COURSE CODE   COURSE TITLE                                                                                                          UNITS       

ABE 511                                Bush Clearing and Land Development                                                                2

ABE 512                                Agro-Resources Power and Machinery Systems Management                         2

ABE 513                                Principles of Agro-Industrial Management and Business Law                            3

ABE 500                                Final Year Project                                                                                                 3   

                                                                Total                                                                                                  10         

 

FIFTH YEAR  FIRST SEMESTER

  • Bioprocess and Food Engineering Option (BFE)

COURSE CODE   COURSE TITLE                                                                                                             UNITS       

BFE 511                 Food Engineering                                                                                                                  3

BFE 512                 Biomass Engineering                                                                                                            2

BFE 513                 Solar Energy Applications in Bioprocess Engineering                                                          2             

BFE 514                 Processing and Storage of Agro-Resources Products                                                        3

                                                Total                                                                                                                      10

  • Soil and Water and Aquacultural Engineering Option (SAE)

COURSE CODE   COURSE TITLE                                                                                                                UNITS       

SAE 511                                Design of Irrigation Systems                                                                                     3

SAE 512                                Rural Water Supply and Sanitation                                                                           3

SAE 513                                Design of Irrigation and Soil Conservation Structures                                              3

SAE 514                                Aquacultural Engineering                                                                                           2

                                                                Total                                                                                                       11

 

  • Agricultural and Bio-Resources Power and Machinery Engineering Option (APM)  3

COURSE CODE   COURSE TITLE                                                                                                                  UNITS

APM 511                 Agricultural and Bio-Resources Power                                                                                     2

APM 512                 Agro-Resources Machinery I                                                                                                     1           

BFE 512                 Biomass Engineering                                                                                                                 2

BFE 513                 Solar Energy Applications in Bioprocess Engineering                                                               2

BFE 514                 Processing and Storage of Agricultural Products                                                                      3

                                                Total                                                                                                                         10         

 

FIFTH YEAR   SECOND SEMESTER

CORE COURSES

COURSE CODE   COURSE TITLE                                                                                                                  UNITS

ABE 521                                Design of Agro-Resources Machinery                                                                         2            

ABE 522                                Electrification and Alternative Energy Sources                                                            3            

ABE 523                                Agro-Resources Transportation and Ergonomics                                                       2

ABE 524                                Agricultural and Bio-Resources Mechanization                                                           2

ABE 525                                Environmental Engineering                                                                                           3

ABE 526                                Foundation Engineering                                                                                                3

ABE 500                                Final year project                                                                                                           3

                                                    Total                                                                                                                        18

FIFTH YEAR   SECOND SEMESTER

ELECTIVE COURSES     

APM 521                              Agro-Resources Machinery II                                                                                            2

BFE 522                               Packaging and Containerization Engineering                                                                   2

PPF 521                               Mechanics of Deformable Bodies                                                                                     2

SAE 521                                Agricultural Land Drainage                                                                                               2

                                                       Total                                                                                                                          8

 

                                                                                                                                                               

COURSE DESCRIPTION

ENG 111               INTRODUCTION TO ENGINEERING                                           (1 CREDIT)

History and philosophy of science, Engineering and Technology: Man-his origin and nature; man and his economic environment; scientific methodology; science and technology in the society and service of man. Renewable and non-renewable resources; Man and his energy resources. Environmental effects of chemicals, plastics, textiles, wastes and other materials. Chemical and radio-chemical hazards. Introduction to the various areas of science and technology

MTH 112              ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS I                                                  (3 Credits)

Elementary set theory: subsets, union, intersection, compliments, Venn diagrams. Real numbers, integers, rational and irrational numbers; mathematical induction, real sequences and series; theory of quadratic equations; binomial theorem. Complex numbers; algebra of complex numbers, the Argand Diagram. De Moivre’s theorem, nth roots of unity. Circular measure, trigonometric functions of angles, trigonometric identities, addition and factor formulae. General solution of trigonometric equations such as . Matrices: Introduction to matrices, elementary operations on matrices, determinants of at most 3 x 3 matrices.

PHY 111: GENERAL PHYSICS I (MECHANICS AND PROPERTIES OF MATTER) (2 CREDITS)  

Relevance of physics to Agriculture, Fundamental and Derived Units, Dimensions, vectors; addition and subtraction of vectors. Resolution of vectors, scalar and vector products. Equilibrium. The principle of moments, centre of gravity and its applications in agriculture. Kinematics: displacement, velocity and acceleration. Projectile motion, circular motion, simple Harmonic motion. Dynamics; Newton’s laws of mechanics, Elastic and inelastic collision, modulus of elasticity; statics friction, inertia, moment of inertia and torque, properties of matter, Archimedes principle, fluid pressure, blood pressure.

PHY 112               ELEMENTARY PHYSICS I                                                                (2 Credits)

Space and Time, units and dimensions, frames of reference, Kinematics, Fundamental laws of mechanics, statics and dynamics, work and energy, conservation laws, Galilean Invariance, Universal gravitation, rotational dynamics and angular momentum. Molecular treatment of properties of matter, elasticity, Hooke’s law, Young’s shear and bulk moduli, Hydrostatics, Pressure, buoyancy, Archimedes’ principle, hydro-dynamics; streamlines, Bernoulli and continuity equations, turbulence, Reynold’s number, laminar flow, Poiseuile’s equations, Surface tension, adhesion cohesion, capillarity, drops and bubbles, temperature; zeroth law of thermodynamics, heat laws of thermodynamics, gas laws, kinetic theory of gases, applications.

 

PHY 117               GENERAL PHYSICS LABORATORY I                                                            (1 CREDIT)

Relevance of physics to agriculture, fundamental and derived Credits, dimensions, vectors; addition & subtractions of vectors, resolution of vectors, scalar & vector products. Equilibrium, the principle of moments, centre of gravity and its application in agriculture, kinematics displacement, velocity and acceleration, projectile motion, circular motion, simple harmonic motion. Dynamics; elasticity; statics, friction, inertia, moment of inertia and torque, properties of matter, Archimedes principle fluid pressure, blood pressure.

CHM 113              GENERAL CHEMISTRY I                                                                                  (3 Credits)

Basic principles of matter and energy from the chemist’s point of view: atomic theory and molecular structure, stoichemistry, the periodic classification of the elements, atomic structure, chemical bonding, properties of gases, solids, liquids and solutions, chemical equilibrium, ionic equilibrium, chemical thermodynamics, electro-chemistry and chemical kinetics (includes laboratory sessions).

CHM 114              PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY I                                                                              (1 CREDIT)

Laboratory exercises drawn from CHM 113.

GSS 111                USE OF ENGLISH I                                                                                                               (2 CREDITS)

Listening comprehension: note taking during lectures, note taking from audio-visual equipment, concentration signals and cues as aids to listening comprehension. Phonetics. The use of the Library and Basic Research Methods: Types of Libraries, forms of Library services, cataloguing and book classification schemes, process of data collection/analysis, research writing, process and technique, documentation, references, notes and bibliography, abbreviations in research writing, the finished research report. Reading comprehension: the outline note, summary writing, genre and techniques of reading comprehension: scanning, skimming, intensive/extensive reading, word/text attack skills, SQ3R techniques, varieties of English and Levels of Usage, vocabulary development: word choice and usage denotation and connotation. Term paper writing and submission.

GSS 112                NIGERIAN HISTORY                                                                                        (2 CREDITS)

The concept of culture, pre-colonial cultures and languages of Nigeria. Principles of kinship. Descent and marriage in Nigerian cultures. Nigerian economic institutions, Nigerian political institutions. Education and development in Nigeria. Religion in Nigerian culture. Culture, environment and health practices in Nigeria.

GSS 114:               ELEMENTARY FRENCH 1                                                                               (1 CREDIT)

Introduction au pays La FRANCE et à Ia language francaise. Developpement de la langue à travers le monde. La Francophonie et les habitants des pays. Pourquoi le francais au Nigeria. La contribution de la France dans le développement de l’Agriculture, de la Science et de la Technologie. Les salutations quotidiennes et usuelles. Preséntation de soi et d’autrui: nom, profession, adresse, et nationalité etc. Les professions dans le secteur agricole. Le personnel de l’université.. identification des gens et des objets communs. Les nombres car dinaux et ordinaux. S’orienter: trouver son chemin dans le campus. Interrogation et negation a base des verbes les plus usages chaque jour.

 GSS 115:              BASIC GERMAN I                                                                                                              (1CREDIT)

Pronounciation of alphabet (A, B, C, D, E, etc) vowels (A, E, I, O, U), Diphthongs (ai, ei, ou, eu, oi, ui) and consonants (b, c, d,). Differentiation of verbs int: Starke, schwache, and Hilfsverb. Conjugation of verbs into presens, Imperfekt, Plusquam perfekt, Futur I, Futur II. Deklination of nouns (substantiv); Pronouns (Wir, Ich, du, sie, er, es, 1hr, Sie). The usə of definite and indefinite articles – der, die, das, ein, eine, and their declinations. The use of betimmte and umbestimte Numerale, as well as Adjective and its comparison. Use of capital leters and its importance. Alltag usages-days of the week, season of the year, timing, the months. The use of Negation –nicht. Interrogation-weiche, was, warum, wer; Hilfsverbs- sein, haben.

MTH 122              ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS II                                                                 (3 CREDITS)

Functions: concept and notation. Polynomial and rational functions. Trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic functions. Limit and the idea of continuity. The derivative as limit of rate of change. Differentiation of algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Techniques of differentiation. Application to curve sketching, maxima and minima, etc. Integration as inverse of differentiation. Definite and indefinite integrals. Methods of integration (substitution, partial fractions, parts). Application to geometry and mechanics.

MTH 123              INTRODUCTION TO VECTORS                                                     (2 CREDITS)

Equations of straight lines, circles, ellipse, parabola and hyperbola. Tangents and normals. Vectors, laws of vector algebra. Representation of vectors in 1-3 dimensions. Components, and direction cosines. Addition of vectors, and multiplication of a vector by a scalar. Scalar and vector products of two vectors, triple products, vector equation of a straight line and plane

PHY 121               GENERAL PHYSICS II                                                                                      (2 CREDITS)

Waves ; Dynamics of waves. The wave equation, characteristics of waves, stationary waves. Light waves and its characteristics. Imaging, sound wave. Doppler effects. The converging lens. Refraction at plane surfaces. Electricity; electrostatic force. Coulomb’s law, electric field and electric potential. Ohm’s law, Alternating current, Magnetism; magnetic effects of currents. Permanent magnetism, Ferro-magnetism. Faraday’s laws of induction. The potentiometer and the white stone bridge. Concept of heat. Temperature and thermometers

 

PHY 122               ELEMENTARY PHYSICS II                                                                               (2 CREDITS)

Electrostatics, conductors and currents; dielectrics, magnetic field and induction; Maxwell’s equations; Electromagnetic oscillations and waves; applications

PHY 127               PHYSICS LABORATORY II                                                                              (1 CREDIT)

This introductory course emphasizes quantitative measurements, the treatment of measurement errors and graphical analysis. A variety of experimental techniques will be employed. The experiments include studies of meters, the oscilloscope, mechanical systems, electrical and mechanical resonant systems, light, heat, viscosity.

CHM 121              GENERAL CHEMISTRY II                                                                                (3 CREDITS)

Application of the principles of chemical and physical change to the study of the behaviour of matter and the interaction between matter. Course content includes, the chemistry of representative elements and their common compounds with emphasis on gradation of their properties – brief chemistry of the first series of transition elements, general principles of extraction of metals; introductory nuclear chemistry (includes Lab Sessions).

CHM 124              PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY II                                                                             (1 CREDIT)

The theory and practice of simple volumetric and qualitative analyses, simple organic preparations, reactions of functional groups and physical determinations.

GSS 121 USE OF ENGLISH II (BASIC GRAMMAR & VARIETIES OF WRITING) (2 CREDITS)

Each student is required to study a recommended novel. Basic Grammar: Sentence elements, sentence types and varieties, punctuation and capitalization, abbreviation in sentence construction, homonyms, synonyms, antonyms and acronyms, error identification and correction.  Writing Skills and varieties of writing: the paragraph – devices of coherence/logical connectors, types of writing – narration, description, exposition, and argumentation.

GSS 124:               ELEMENTARY FRENCH II                                                                               (1CREDIT)

Les jours de la semaine, les mois de l’anneé, la date. Description physiques et psychologiques de soi et des autres personnes Quelle heure est-il? Description de la vie et des activities quotitienness; interrogation et negation. L’alphabet francsais et l’ orthographe, introduction à la dictée. Les adjectives possessifs, Le corps humain. A l’hôpital. En ville: à la poste, au marché, à lagare, à la biblionthéque etc. Les autres moyens de transport. La famille, les vétements et les couleurs.

 

GSS 125: BASIC GERMAN II                                                                                                          (1 CREDIT)

Saiziehre (Sentence Construction): definition of sentences, art and form of German sentences, Das Saizghid. Use of Surfix and Prefix; Use of big and small letters in sentences; Conjugation of verbs.

GSS 126 SOCIAL SCIENCE                                                                                                              (2 CREDITS)

A global perspective of economics, institutions and developments. The law of scarcity and the technological choices open to any society. Trade development with special reference to trade in primary products, imports substitution and export possibilities in Nigeria and Third World countries; Nigeria’s balance of payments and commercial policies. Economic integration or unions. State and structure of economics of ECOWAS countries. Nigerian and ECOWAS; prospects for industrialization, trade; fiscal and monetary policies for accelerated industrialization. Nigeria and the Economic Co-operation in Africa (ECA).

ENG 121  COMPUTER APPLICATIONS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY               (2 CREDITS)

Computer Application overview ; Data processing Application and Computations involving Microsoft Excel (Spreadsheet); involving Microsoft power point; Introduction to computer power point application and software; Use of computer software for solving mathematical problems. Management information system and Networks: information Technology; Network and securities etc.

ENG 212               WORKSHOP TECHNOLOGY/PRACTICE I                                 (2 CREDITS)        

Industrial safety: safety code of conduct and safety consciousness. Survey of common sources of accidents in the work place. Accident  prevention and control. Use of engineering measuring instruments: Calipers, gauges. Sheet metal work-layout and Blacksmiting handtool, cutting, shaping, welding, brazing, soldering, bolting and riverting and working principles. Joints and fastenings: Woodwork: Basic woodworking principle and tools. Types of joints, processing of timber. Introduction to Industrial bolting and riveting. Safety: survey of sources of common accidents, accident prevention and control. Introduction to machine shop: lathe work: shaping, milling and grinding,  Electrical workshop practice: convention and application of colour, codes for cables, resistors, etc and signs. Use of simple electrical tools, machines, etc. Measurement and marking : for Uniformity, circulatory, concentricity, etc.

ENG 213               BASIC  ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING                                                             (3 CREDITS)

SI System of unit, E.S. and Fm Fields: Electric field intensity, potential and potential Difference, Magnetic field intensity, flux density, Magnetic circuits, inductors. Dc circuit Analysis: Kirchoff’s Law, Mesh and Nodal Equations, superposition Theorem. Thevenins Theorem, Norton’s Theorem, Maximum power transfer, transients (RL and RC) circuits .A.C circuit Analysis: Alternating current, Voltage, frequency, phase angle, Maximum RMS and average  values of waveforms, Inductive and capacitive reactance, Power in ac circuits, use of complex algebra in the solution of as circuits. Resonance.

ENG 214               ENGINEERING DRAWING I                                                                          (2 CREDITS)

Drawing instruments and the use of graphic tools. Introduction to drawing, measuring, lettering and dimensioning of objects in various views/positions. Engineering geometry. Projections: lines, planes and simple solids. Fundamentals of orthographic projection, first and third angle orthogonal projections, isometric projections. Graphs, charts and presentation of data and results. Pictorial/freehand sketching. Graphical calculus and Applications.

ENG 215               ENGINEERING  MECHANICS                                                                        (3 CREDITS)

Statics: Laws of statics; system of forces and their properties; Simple problems. Friction, Particle dynamics: Kinematics of plane motion. Newton's law -kinetics of particles, momentum and energy methods. Kinetics of Rigid Bodies: two dimensional motion of rigid bodies, energy and momentum. Mass, movement of inertia. Simple problems. Simple harmonic motions. Concepts and types of  mechanisms. Static and dynamic force analysis.

MTH 211              MATHEMATICAL METHODS I                                                                      (3 CREDITS)

Series and tests for convergence if infinite sequences and series of numbers. Equation of lines and planes. Matrices determinants, eigen values and eigen functions, matrix solution of linear algebraic equations, dot and cross product of vectors, triple products, vector functions, the gradient, divergence and curl. Vector spaces. Linear dependence and independence (Wronskians and Jacobians). Computer solution of matrices.

MTH 214              LINEAR ALGEBRA I                                                                                           (2 CREDITS)

Vector spaces over the real field. Subspaces. Linear independence, basis and dimension. Change of basis. Linear transformations and their representation by matrices. Range, null space and rank. Singular and non-singular transformations. Algebra of matrices. Systems of linear equations.

GSS 212                PEACE & CONFLICT RESOLUTION STUDIES                            (2 CREDITS)

This  course focuses on basic concepts in peace and conflict resolution, peace as vehicle of unity and development, conflict issues, type of conflicts  e.g religious/ethnic/political/economic conflicts, type of conflicts and violence in Africa, indigenes/settlers phenomenon, peace-building, management of conflict and security. Elements of peace studies and conflict resolution. Dispute resolution (ADR), dialogue/ Arbitration in conflict resolution, roles of international organization in conflict resolution, e.g. Economic Community of West African State (ECOWAS) African Union, United Nations, communal/ indigenous conflicts, individual conflict, terrorism etc.

GSS 217                PHILOSOPHY AND LOGIC                                                                             (2 CREDITS)

An overview of philosophy. Definition and uses of philosophy. Philosophy and common sense; philosophy and myth; philosophy and religion; philosophy and science – empiricism. Metaphysics, ethics, epistemology, logic, existentialism.

ENG 221               STRENGTH OF MATERIALS I                                                                         (2 Credits)

Introduction to stress and strain; some simple states of stress and strain; stresses; relationship between loading shearing forces and bending moment; composite shafts and torsional strain energy. Deflection of beams, Macaulay’s method, area moment method, Maxwell’s reciprocal rule, built-in and continuous beam in various loading situations; Complex stress and strain, Mohr’s stress circle, principal stress and strain, electric constant and volumetric strain; St. Venant’s theory; stress in composite materials, bending of plates; membranes. Stresses; stresses in thin cylinders and spheres; thermal stresses; stresses in rivets, joints, etc. use of strain gauge and other measuring devices.

ENG 222               ENGINEERING DRAWING II                                                                         (2 Credits)

Projection of lines and laminae; auxiliary views and mixed projection. Preparation of detailed working drawings for production; semi-detailed drawings, conventional presentation methods. Assembly drawing of machines, devices and installation layout; itemization and part-listing. Drawing office practice and reprographics. Connections in Engineering Drawing. Introduction to IS code of drawing. Conics and engineering curves – ellipse, parabola, hyperbola, cycloid, trochoid, involutes. Projection of planes and solids (cube, prison, pyramid, cylinder, core and sphere

ENG 223               COMPUTER PROGRAMMING                                                                     (3 CREDITS)

Computer, computing and engineering, algorithms flow chart and pseudo code. Computer languages, programming in FORTRAN? Or later versions. Debugging techniques. Computer code security. Laboratory: hands-on experience on computers through the use of ‘Compilers to run programs’ and to solve simple analysis problems in fluid, the thermodynamics, heat transfer and electrical systems.

ENG 224               MATERIAL SCIENCE                                                                                         (2 Credits)

Atomic and Molecular Structures, Crystals. Metallic States. Defects in Crystals, Conductors, Semi-conductors and Insulators. Alloy theory – application to industrial alloys steel in particular. Engineering Properties – their control. hot and cold working, heat treatment, etc. Principles of mechanical testing, impact test, tensile test, hardness tests, fatigue tests, creep test and non-destructive tests. Fracture. Corrosion and corrosion control. Equilibrium and rate reaction. Non-metallic materials – glass, rubber, concrete, plastics, wood and ceramic materials. Electrical properties. Magnetic materials: properties and characteristics. Domia theory, magnetostic, anisotropy, losses, permanent magnets, transformers cores. Electric materials: Liquid, solid and organic dielectrics polymers: properties/characteristics, inorganic materials, piezoelectric and ferro-electric materials, composite structures, conductors, superconductors and insulators. Reaction and Phase Equilibra: Reaction rate; Rate Laws. Mechanisms and theories of elementary processes; photo chemical reactions. Basic Electrochemistry

ENG 225               FLUID MECHANICS I                                                                                       (3 Credits)

Definition of a fluid and fluid properties. Statics of fluid systems, pressure in a static fluid, momentary, forces on planes and  curved surfaces. Kinematics of fluid motion, streamlines, velocity, acceleration, rotation and circulation. Buoyancy and floatation, stability of floating and submerged bodies. Types of flow, continuity equation, energy equation, momentum equation, fluid resistance, laminar and turbulent flow in fluids, flow in closed conduits boundary layer concepts. The Euler and Bernoulli equations. Differential analysis. Fluid measurements; pressure, velocity and flow rates. Hydraulics of pipe flow; hydraulic and energy grade lines, pipes in series, parallel pipes, branching pipes, network of pipes, deterioration of pipes. unsteady flow conduits, water hammer purge control.  Laboratory: Measurement of fluid properties, stability of floating bodies.

ENG 226:              ENGINEER IN SOCIETY                                                                                   (1 CREDIT)

Philosophy of science. History of Engineering and Technology. Safety in Engineering and Introduction to Risk Analysis. The Role of Engineers in Nation Building. Invited Lectures from professionals

MTH 221              MATHEMATICAL METHODS II                                                    (3 CREDITS)

Review of differentiation and integration methods. Derivation of equations from physics, chemistry, biology, geometry etc. Ordinary differential equations. Applications of first order differential equations. Second order linear equations. Linear dependence and independence. Solutions of second order linear differential equations by method of undetermined coefficients and variation of parameters. Simple Laplace transformation. Solution of initial-value problems by Laplace transform method. Computer solution of selected engineering problems. Excel package.  Double and triple integrals with applications, vector integration and vector integral theorems: divergence Green's - Stoke's theorems and applications. Functions of more than one variable. Extremization of functions of many variables.

STA 224  STATISTICS FOR PHYSICAL SCIENCE & ENGINEERING     (3 CREDITS)

Distributions: Binomial, Poisson, Geometric and Hypergeometric. Continuous probability distributions: Normal, students t, chi-square (x) and F.

GNT 221: ENTREPRENEURSHIP STUDIES                                                                 (2 CREDITS)

Basic Engineering Business Settings: - Review of engineering business activities Introduction to organizational structure of manufacturing organization. Entrepreneurship and new Venture creation:- Evolution of an industrial, domestic and commercial products to meet the need of the  society. Drawing, Bill of Quantities. Identification of materials- material location, quantity, quality and handling requirements, specification. Quality control and measurement. Cost estimation and marketing of products: market/product mix, market research and market strategy. Group technology task.

ABE 221:               AGRICULTURAL AND BIORESOURCES ENGINEERING CONCEPTS                                                      (1 CREDIT)

Introduction of Agricultural Engineering profession. Areas of specialization in agricultural  and bioresouces engineering. The Nigerian Institution of Agricultural Engineers. (history, grades, organization, qualification for membership, funding, publications, conferences, achievements, challenges etc). The role of agricultural engineering in National development. Relationship between The Nigerian Institution of Agricultural Engineers and The Nigerian Society of Engineers  Identification of various tractors and implements and component parts (makes and models). Concept of irrigation and soil and water conservation. Irrigation types. Unit operations in agro processing.

ENG 313               ENGINEERING ANALYSIS                                                                              (3 CREDITS)

Complex derivatives and analytical functions. Bilinear transformation, conformal mapping, contour integration, Cauchy’s integral theory, residue theorem, applications and Riemans surfaces. Special functions, Bessels equation, fourier series and lengendre functions. Simultaneous differential equations with constant coefficients; Laplace transforms methods. Linear second order differential equations with constant and variable coefficients classification of second order partial differential equations:- Laplace, wave & diffusion equations, initials and boundary value problems, separation of variables, similarity solutions. Solution of equations by iteration. Newton-Raphson Method; errors. Numerical differentiation and integration, Simpson’s rule. Introduction to interpolation and curve fittings. Statistical Analysis; Regression and correlation – large sampling theory, Test Hypothesis and Quality Control. Introduction to system modeling.

ABE 311                ENGINEERING HYDRAULICS I                                                                     (2 CREDITS)

Fluid properties, fluid statics. Fluid motion, continuity, Bernoulli, energy momentum equations. Reynolds number Laminar and turbulent flow, pipe flow. Open channel flow. Weirs, flumes, pumps, turbines, outlets, gates, valves.

ABE 312: SOIL MECHANICS II                                                                                                       (2 CREDITS)

Introduction to soil mechanics. Phase relationship, Permeability Consolidation, Seepage and analysis. Effective stress principle. Stress distribution in soils. Mohr cycles.   Site investigation Tillage mechanics. Mechanical properties of soil in relation to tillage. Machine soil relationship. Failure forces due to small rake angles (two and three dimensional analysis).

ENG311:               ENGINEERING ECONOMICS                        (2 Credits)

Basic concepts. Factors of production. Supply and demand. Price elasticity analysis.  Household behavior theories. Business organization. Production, the market, income employment – classical, non-classical and Keynesian approaches. Money, Expenditure, Taxation, Budget, International trade. Cost Analysis. Fixed and variable costs; Depreciation, Capital cost. Cost Recovery factor.  Breakeven Analysis

ABE 315: AUTOMOTIVE SERVICES AND MAINTENANCE                  (2 CREDITS)

Services and maintenance of all the components of an automobile

SSA 311:  INTRODUCTION TO SOIL SCIENCE AND SOIL TILLAGE    (2 CREDITS)

Origin and formation of soils. Physical properties of soil. Soil colloids; soil reaction; soil survey and classification. Water movement in soils, Soil mineralogy, soil organic matter. Fertilizers. Soil components. Soil consistency. Hardness. Friability. Plasticity. Soil aeration. Tillage concepts, Tillage types. Benefits and justifications for mechanized tillage in the tropics. Design of Tillage experiments.

EME 311               MECHANICS OF MACHINES I                                                                      (2 CREDITS)

Concept and types of mechanisms. Kinematics of mechanisms, kinematic analysis. Complete static and dynamic forces and analysis. Flexible shaft couplings, virtual work, energy and speed fluctuations in machines. The flywheel and mechanical governors. Acceleration of geared systems, equilibrium of machines, brakes and dynamometers mechanisms. Spiral gearing and theory of involute gearing, simple, compound and epicyclic gear trains. Dynamics of rotating and reciprocating machines, static and dynamic balancing of machines. Balancing of rotating masses,  multi-cylinder engines and governors. Friction, wear and lubrication-application in kinematics and selection of power screws, bolt and rope drives. Chains, brakes and clutches, hydrodynamic and hydrostatic lubrications, journal bearings, Reynolds equation, graphical solutions, oil and gas bearings, Hydrodynamic drives, torque converters.

EME 315:              STRENGTH OF MATERIAL II                                                                         (3 Credits)

(1c)        Complex stresses and strains. Two deminsional stress and strain analysis.concepts of stress at appoint. Principal stress, principal strain, Hook’s Law: torsional loading; shear forces and bending moments. Thick and thin walled cylindrical pressure vessels, Deflection under flexural loading, statically determinate and indeterminate structure shear flow, strain energy, failure theories, repeated loading and impact loading. Three dimensional stress and strain analysis. Experimental stress analysis.

CCS 311 BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERS        

GNT 311 BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT

ABE 321: MACHINE COMPONENT DESIGN AND PRESENTATION.                (2 CREDITS)

Part assembly. Detailed drawing of machine components. Sketching and use of standards. Design features, symbols, screws, fastners, couplings, clutches, gears. Machine component design. Presentation of design portfolio.

ABE 324:               AGRICULTURAL LAND SURVEYING                                                          (3 CREDITS)

Introduction to engineering survey and principles. Chain surveying principles and methods. Field uses and adjustment of Theodolites and levels. Measurement errors and corrections. Applications, field procedure compass survey, methods, plotting, contours, profiles and cross sections. Traversing: principles, types close and open, bearing and co-ordinates, applications. Methods rise and fall, height of collination: errors and their adjustments. Applications – setting out, contouring , sectoring (longitudinal and cross sections). Tachometry: principles, tachometer, types: stadia tachometry, substance heighting. Electro- magnetic measurement (EDM), Principles, instrument characteristics, EDM corrections. Applications, introductions to photogrammetry, principles, types: terrestrials and aerial photogrammetry. Land shaping and earthwork computation for agricultural drainage and soil conservation structures/systems. 

 Definitions, Measurements of distance, use of minor instrument, Random errors Chain surveying.  Leveling. Topographic surveys, Transversing, Theodolite traversing, Plane table surveying, Triangulation.

ABE 323: ENGINEERING HYDROLOGY                                                                      (3 CREDITS)

The hydrologic cycle. Solar radiation and weather. Precipitation, Evaporation, Evapotranspiration, infiltration and subsurface flow. Rainfall excess and overland flow. Run-off relations for agricultural watersheds. Streamflow routing. Groundwater flow (hydraulics). Watershed management. Stream gauging, Hydrographs

ABE324: GEOLOGY FOR AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING                  (3 CREDITS)

The earth. Geological Processes. Engineering properties of rocks stratigraph. Geotectonics. Geomorphology, Mineralogy and Petrology. Geology of Nigeria. Rocks as origins of agricultural soil. Agricultural importance of rocks. Effects of geology of on water table and water availability. Geology consideration in design of irrigation systems, and tillage methods. 

CPP 324                CROP PRODUCTION FOR ENGINEERS                                      (3 CREDITS)

Classification and ecology of crops in Nigeria. Nutrient requirements and mineral nutrition of plants. Manures and fertilizers. Plant growth and development. Growth stages tillage and weed control. Other cultural practices. Cropping sequences and rotation. Farming systems. Production practices for specified crops. Introduction to experimental design. Types of experimental design eg Completely Randomized Design, Randomized Complete Block Design, Latin Square Design, etc . Comparison between Treatment Means e.g LSD, DMRT, etc. 

CAS  321:              ANIMAL PRODUCTION FOR ENGINEERS                                                (3 Credits)

Types of livestock (for eggs, milk, meat, wool etc) and nutrition. Forage crops and their preservations. Artificial insemination. Livestock housing. Livestock processing equipment. Distribution of livestock in Nigeria.

EME 324: ENGINEERING METALLURGY   I                                                                             (2 CREDITS)

Review of properties and selection of engineering materials, metallurgical chemistry and thermodynamics; the modification of properties of engineering materials through changes in micro structure, ethighams diagram- oxidation and reduction of metals – Refractories, furnace. Extraction of metals, iron and steel making; alloy steels, cast irons, aluminum, copper and their alloys. Equilibrium phase diagrams: iron / carbon equilibrium diagram and other phase diagrams.

Metals and alloys, their production and use. Nature, origin and control of  structure in metallic systems and their relation to mechanical properties. Diffusion, deformation, hardening, transformation. Heat treatment. Metallographic laboratory practice

EME 321: ENGINEERING  THERMODYNAMICS II                                                 (3 Credits)

Entropy: Clausius inequality; Definition of Entropy; Tabular and graphic entropy data for water and refrigirants; Tds relationships,Entropy balance for closed systems and control volumes; Isentropic Processes; Isentropic; efficiencies of turbines, nozzoles and compressor; Exergy Analysis: Definition of exergy; exergy reference environment; dead state; exergy equation;exergy balance for a closed system; flow exergy; exeergy balance for a control volumes. Vapour power system: simple vapour power plants; thermal efficiency, work ratio; ideal rankine cycles with superheat and reheat; regenerative vapour power cycles.  Gas power: simple gas turbine; air standard Braytion cycle, regenerative gas turbine cycles, reciprocating internal combustion engines; air- standard Otto cycles; Diesel cycles; dual cycles. Mixtures and solution. Thermodynamics of gases, vapours, and reactive and non reactive mixtures, process relationships.  Concept of equilibrium reversibility and irreversibility.

ENG 326:  TECHNICAL REPORT WRITING AND PRESENTATION     (1 CREDIT)

Principles of effective communication.  Professional use of the English Language.  Principles of technical writing. Meaning and Types of research. Types of technical report/ Technical Articles. Component parts of a typical project report. Characteristics of an abstract. Importance of literature review in a research. How to choose a project topic. Citation and Referencing Oral presentation of technical report (project defence). Tables and figures in a project report.

ENG 418:              COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN ENGINEERING                 (3 CREDITS)

Polynomials and their zeros: methods of bisection, Bairstow synthetic division and lahmer. Divert methods for the solution of linear equations. Convergence: interpolation and differentiation method in numerical integration Newton coates formulae and finite difference methods. The eigenvalue problem solution of ordinary differential equations. Methods of Taylor, Euler, Predictor – corrector and range-Kutta.

ABE 412:  FARM STRUCTURES AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL                (3 CREDITS)

Environmental and structural requirements of crops and livestock.  Planning of farm and livestock houses; storage and stores.  Design of structural members.  Water supply and sewage disposal.  Specifications and selection of farm building materials.  Environmental control for plants and livestock.  Use of psychrometric charts.  Farmstead planning and layout.

ABE 413:               DIRECTED STUDIES AND SEMINAR                                                            (1 CREDIT)

The objective of this course is to broaden the knowledge base of the student and to train him to undertake independent studies. Every student is expected to select a topic of national and professional relevance and of particular interest to the student. The student should thoroughly research on this topic and write a technically sound seminar paper on it, under supervision. An oral presentation is also required.

ABE 414                HYDRAULICS II                                                                                                 (3 CREDITS) 

Pipe flow: pipes in parallel and in series. Branched pipes. Simple pipe network. Water hammer. Hydraulic pump. Back water curves.  Hardly cross-method of water distribution. Open channel flow. Channel transition and control. Dimensional analysis and similitude reservoir hydraulic and planning. High pressure outlet, gates, valves. Fluid properties. Fluid statics. Fluid motion. Continuity, Bernoulli, energy, momentum equations. Reynolds number. Laminar and turbulent flows. Pipe flow open channel, flow weirs flumes, pumps, turbine, High pressure outlets, gates valve. 

ABE 415:  ENGINEERING PROPERTIES AND HANDLING OF BIOMATERIALS  (3 CREDITS)

Physical, mechanical, rheological and thermal properties of agricultural materials. Newtonian and non Newtonian fluids.  Characterization of bio-fluids and fluid food viscometer.  Texture and quality of food materials.  Mechanical damage. Handling methods. Design and construction of appropriate material handling equipment for tropical products. Economics of material handling.

ABE 416:  IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE PRINCIPLES                                          (3 CREDITS)

Water requirement in an irrigation system.  Methods of irrigation. Frequency and amount of irrigation, irrigation water scheduling.  Evaluating irrigation systems and practices.  Design of furrow basin and sprinkler irrigation.  Effects of poor drainage on plants and soils.  Drainage requirements of crops, surface drainage.  Sub-surface drainage.

ABE 417:               FIELD OPERATIONS AND MANAGEMENT OF FARM POWER AND MACHINERY     (3 CREDITS)

Farm power sources. Selection and management of farm tractors and equipment. Force analysis and power measurement on tillage tools. Field performance evaluation of equipment Adjustment, Trouble shooting in field machinery. Maintenance, and report of farm tractor and equipments Routine maintenance schedules. Tractor driving and test. Use of tractor for various field operations. The tractor logbook.

ABE 418: SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION ENGINEERING          (3 CREDITS). 

Types of erosion, soil erosion by water Universal soil loss equation Control of soil erosion by water. Wind erosion and its control, Desertification and control measures. Earth dams and farm ponds.

ENG 400: STUDENTS INDUSTRIAL WORK EXPERIENCE SCHEME (15 CREDITS)   

ABE 500: FINAL YEAR PROJECT                                                                                   (6 CREDITS)

Individual student undertake a project to deepen knowledge, strengthen practical experience and encourage creativity and independent work. The project will have comprehensive written report to be defended before the academic staff of the Department and an External Examiner.

ABE 511:  BUSH CLEARING AND LAND DEVELOPMENT                                     (2 CREDITS)

Land resources and Land Use Act in relation to Nigerian agriculture Concept of bush clearing and land development.  Objectives and methods for bush clearing and land development.  Mechanics of bush clearing and land development. Machinery selection and cost analysis of land development operations.  Earth moving machinery and mechanics. Vegetation types in Nigeria.  Land reclamation.

ABE 512: AGRO RESOIURCES  POWER AND MACHINERY SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT            (2 CREDITS)

Integrated approach to machinery usage and agricultural production sequence. Equipment selection, scheduling of operation, seasonal factor. Machinery management. Machinery ownership and financing. Gross margin analysis. Optimization – input combination management of farm enterprise.

ABE 513:               PRINCIPLE OF AGRO- INDUSTRIAL MANAGEMENT AND BUSINESS LAW (3 CREDITS)

Fundamental concepts and Development of management. Functions and process of management. Management decision making. Functions of management, planning, Entrepreneurship. Feasibility studies. Break even analysis. Trade unions and employers association motivation, manufacturing organization. Project and contract documents/Business and industrial law, principles and basic elements of contract law, declaration of intention, termination of offer, acceptance, terms of a contract, factors that may affect a contract and remedies  Choosing between two competing engineering projects. Liability for injuries. Industrial relations. Employer employee relationship. Wage bargaining and role of state.  Track various employer associations . Organizational structure of manufacturing organization. Market survey Feasibility studies. Project and contract documents. Specifications. Planning schedule. Quality control. Survey and safety procedures. Organization. Adoption and rejection of innovations.

 ABE 515:   PROCESSING AND STORAGE OF AGRIC PRODUCTS      (3 CREDITS)

Cleaning, sorting, grading and separation: Principles, techniques and machines. Communition. Particle sizes analysis. Heat treatment. Dehydration and drying. Psychometry. Storage types and environment. Deterioration of produce in storage. Containerization. Design grain storage structures. Environmental control in storage.

BFE 511:               FOOD ENGINEERING                                                                                      (3 CREDITS)

Definition; Heat and mass  transfer.  Insulation. Heat exchange-design and application. Heat and cold preservation of foods.  Blanching, Food quality control. Design of food equipment. Food packaging.

BFE 512        BIOMASS ENGINEERING                                                                                       (2 CREDITS)

Biomass resources and principles of utilization. Biomass liquid fuels: types, production principles and proesses. Fermentation and distillation technologies. Biomass gas fuels: types , production,principles and processes. Gasification technology. Gasification reactors. Biomass solid fuels: types, physical and chemical characteristics. Energy crops and their production. Biomass feed stocks. Environmental considerations.

BFE 513: SOLAR ENERGY APPLICATION  IN BIO PROCESS  ENGINEERING                                 (2 CREDITS)

Fundamentals of solar radiation. Solar heating and cooling. Heat transfer. Solar energy conversion efficiency. Principles of solar collectors.  Solar heat storage and storage systems for tropical crops. Solar pumps. Solar cookers. Solar oven.

BFE 514: PROCESSING AND STORAGE OF AGRO RESOURCES PRODUCTS (3 CREDICTS)

Cleaning, sorting, grading and separation. Principles, Techniques and machines communition . particle size analysis. Heat treatment, Dehydration and drying. Psychometry, storage types and environment . Deterioration  of produce in storage structures. Environmental control in storage.

APM 511: AGRICULTURAL  AND BIO RESOURCES POWER               (2 CREDITS)

Farm power sources: Farm tractors; selection, use, maintenance. Other power sources: selection, use and maintenance. Hitches and hitching system. Design consideration of a single cycle two wheel drive, four wheel drive and crawler tractors. Tractor mechanics. Power measurement. Fluid control. Tractor testing and test codes.

APM      512 AGRO RESOURCES  MACHINERY 1                                   (1 CREDIT)

Types of farm machinery. Force analysis and design consideration of various farm machinery. Hitching methods. Power requirements for operating farm equipment and machines. Field evaluation . Criteria for replacement.

SAE 511:               DESIGN OF IRRIGATION SYSTEMS                                            (3 CREDITS)

Design of open channels. Water flow measurement. Pumping power requirements. Design of Irrigation systems: border, sprinkler, drip etc. salinity and quality of Irrigation water. Reclamation of saline and alkaline soil. Seepage from canals and canal lining . Design of an Irrigation project. Evaluating irrigation system and practice. Irrigation water management.

SAE 512: RURAL WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION                           (3 CREDITS)

Water requirements. Water quality standards. Water borne disease. Biochemical oxygen demand. Potable  water  impurities. Sources and treatment methods of water  for rural homes. Water lifting devices. Transportation and distribution systems. Pipes sizes. Waste disposal in rural areas. Septic tanks, digestion ponds and family privies.

SAE 513: DESIGN OF IRRIGATION AND SOIL CONSERVATION STRUCTURES (2 CREDITS)

Vegetative water ways and its uses. Design , construction and maintenance of water ways. Terracing  and construction. Review of relevant hydraulic theories. Critical depth and hydraulic pump. Design of Irrigation structures. Design of soil conservation structures. Design of drop spillways, chutes and culverts.

SAE 514    AQUACULTURAL ENGINEERING                                                            (2 CREDITS)

Aquacultural systems and their environmental requirements. Primary constraints in aquacultural systems. Materials for aquacultural facilities. Designs  of aquacultural facilities. Designs principles and considerations for raceways. Site selection for net pens. Net pen design and construction. Biomass loading of tanks. Labour requirements. Equipment and controls aquacultural systems. Aquacultural wastes handling.

ABE 521:               DESIGN OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY                              (2 CREDITS)

Machine design processes and procedures. Materials of construction, selection, strength properties, stress analysis and costing. Design of machine elements. Machine fabrication. Typical design of low cost agricultural machinery. Problems and prospects of agricultural machinery development, and commercial manufacture in Nigeria.

ABE 522:               FARM ELECTRIFICATION                                                               (3 CREDITS)

Electrical codes, tariffs, and regulation. Generation and transmission of electricity. Farmstead distribution systems. Testing procedure. Power factor correction. Selection and use of electric motors. Transformers. Energy conversion. Application of electricity to handling, processing and storage of agricultural products. Basic electronic applications to farm electrical processes.

ABE 523: FARM TRANSPORTATION AND ERGONOMICS (2 CREDITS)

Farm Roads. Farm transportation system. Need for efficient farm transportation system. Development and construction of farm transportation equipment .Farm transport- systems, standards and specification, Ergonomics; factors that affect the operators, Man machine relationship. Anthropometry, Human energy generation and measurement.

ABE 524: AGRICULTURAL   MECHANIZATION                       (2 CREDITS)

Name and objectives of agricultural mechanization. Factors affecting agricultural  mechanization in the  tropics. Analysis  of production  systems. Agricultural mechanization as a strategy for rural  development. Impact on food production and on infrastructure development. Linkages  with rural industrialization. Systems approach to agric mechanization. Levels of  agricultural mechanization.

ABE 525 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING                                                            (3 CREDITS)

Design of unit operations and processes in water and waste water treatment. Sedimentation. Conical coagulation. Ion exchange. Filtration. Disinfection. Water supply treatment and distribution. Water quality. Wastewater handling, treatment and disposal. Solid waste disposal. Air pollution and control.

ABE 526:       FOUNDATION ENGINEERING                                                             (3 CREDITS)

Stress in soils. Consolidation, compaction. CBR and soil improvement. Stability of slopes. Earth pressure analysis. Bearing capacity and settlement analysis of shallow and deep foundations. Design of footings, foundations, retaining walls. Analysis and control of groundwater.

BFE 521: MECHANICS OF DEFORMABLE BODIES                                 (2 CREDITS)

Three dimensional stress and strain. Theories of failure. Stress concentration, moments and products of inertia and area. Mohr’s strain and inertia circles. Unsymmetrical bending, shear centre. Curved beams,

APM 521: AGRO RESOURCES MACHINERY II                                        (2 CREDITS)

Operation and maintenance of farm machinery, Field evaluation and criteria for replacement. Animal traction. Force relations for tillage implements. Fertilizer distribution equipment

SAE 521:               AGRICULTURAL LAND DRAINAGE                                             (2 CREDITS)

Surface drainage. Sub-surface drainage. Design of drainage systems. Envelop material and their design. Loads on conduits. Drainage pumping. Construction and installation of drains. Maintenance of drains.

BFE 522: PACKAGING AND CONTAINERIZATION ENGINEERING (2 CREDITS)

Purpose of packaging food and biomaterials. Packing types. Marketing requirements for packaging. Storage environmental requirements. Types of packing configuration. Palletization. Canning technology. Aseptic processing and packaging. Modified atmosphere packaging and applications. Maximum allowable load concepts and containerization design.